Aviation Timeline

Historical timeline
Aviation Timeline

1000 B.C.E. - Kite is invented in China.

c. 852 B.C.E.-English King Bladud is apparently killed attempting to fly.

c. 400 B.C.E - Archytas of Tarentum is reported to have made a steam-propelled pigeon.

c. 1250 A.D
. - Roger Bacon, English cleric, writes about mechanical flight.

1485-1500 - Leonardo da Vinci designs flying machines and parachute.

1670 - Francesco de Lana Terzi publishes a design for lighter-than-air ship.

1680 - Giovanni Borelli, Italian mathematician, concludes human muscle is inadequate for flight. Expérience du globe aerostatique du MM. Charles et Robert au Jardin des Thuileries le 1er décembre

1783 - Expérience du globe aerostatique du MM. Charles et Robert au Jardin des Thuileries le 1er décembre

1783 - Paris: Chez Esnauts et Rapilly

1709 - Bartolomeu Laurenço de Gusmao designs model glider.

1783 - Jean François Pilâtre de Rozier and Marquis d'Arlandes make the first free aerial voyage in a Montgolfier hot-air balloon.

1783 - Jacques Alexandre César Charles and M.N. Robert fly in a hydrogen balloon.

1785 - Jean-Pierre Blanchard and John Jeffries cross the English Channel by balloon.

1785 - Jean François de Rozier and Pierre Romain are the first ballooning fatalities.

1797 - André Jacques Garnerin makes the first human parachute descent, from a balloon.

1809 - George Cayley publishes classic treatise on aviation.

1843 - William Henson's design for aerial steam carriage is published.

1843 - George Cayley's biplane design is published.

1852 - Henri Giffard's steam-powered airship makes first flight.

1867 - Wilbur Wright is born.

1870 - Alphonse Pénaud experiments with twisted rubber to power model helicopter.

1871 - Orville Wright is born.

1889 - Otto Lilienthal publishes Der Vogelflug als Grundlage der Fliegekunst.

1891 - Otto Lilienthal begins successful gliding experiments.

1895 - Otto Lilienthal flies biplane gliders.

1896 - Octave Chanute begins biplane gliding experiments in Michigan.

1896 - Samuel P. Langley produces successful steam-powered models that fly.

1896 - Otto Lilienthal crashes while gliding and dies next day.

1901 - Alberto Santos-Dumont, Brazilian aviator, circles Eiffel Tower in airship.

1903 - Samuel Langley's full-size manned "Aerodrome A" crashes on take-off.

1903 - Orville and Wilbur Wright make first powered, sustained, and controlled flight in a heavier-than-air flying machine.

1906 - Alberto Santos-Dumont makes first successful powered flight in Europe.

1909 - Louis Bleriot, French aviator, makes first airplane crossing of English Channel.

1926 - Robert H. Goddard makes first free flight of a liquid-fueled rocket.

1927 - Charles A. Lindbergh completes first solo, nonstop trans-Atlantic flight.

1930 - Frank Whittle, British inventor, invents the jet engine.

1932 - Amelia Earhart is the first woman to fly a solo non-stop trans-Atlantic flight.

1933 - A modern airliner, Boeing 247, flies for the first time.

1939 - Germany's Heinkel 178 is the first fully jet-propelled aircraft to fly.

1947 - Charles E. Yeager pilots Bell X-1--the first aircraft to exceed the speed of sound in level flight.

1957 - Soviet Union launches first man-made earth satellite, Sputnik 1.

1961 - Soviet cosmonaut, Yuri Gagarin, is the first man in space.

1962 - John H. Glenn, Jr., is the first American to orbit the earth.

1969 - U.S. astronauts Neil A. Armstrong and Edwin E. Aldrin, Jr., are the first to walk on the moon.

1971 - First space station, Soviet Salyut 1, is launched into earth's orbit.

1981 - U.S. launches the first reusable spacecraft, the Columbia shuttle.

1998 - First two modules of the International Space Station are launched and joined together in orbit.

2000 - First crew arrives to take up residence in the International Space Station.

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